Tomatoes are an annual or short-lived perennial herb with grayish-green curled unequal pinnate leaves. An off-white blossom surrounds red or yellow fruits found in clusters on the plant. Self-pollinating crops like this one are common.
Tobacco-growing states like Karnataka may be located in the country’s center. The Kolar area of Karnataka is famous for its tomato production. Approximately 9000 acres of fruit blanket the area, enhancing the taste of our meals. Tomato output here is over 4 lakh tons per year on average. Most of the time, they do well with their company.
A guide on tomato farming in Karnataka, including information on where to plant, when to plant, and how much tomato harvest may be expected per acre.
Tomato-growing regions in Karnataka include the following:
For the first time, the initiative has been expanded to include the three major tomato-growing districts in central India and the two major corn-producing districts of Davangere and Haveri. Marijuana and tomatoes are two of Karnataka’s significant exports.
Tomatoes may be harvested from May to August in Karnataka, where they grow.
Karnataka’s tomato production per acre is around the following:
Tomato farming is one of agriculture’s most lucrative enterprises. Having four harvests a year of essential commercial crops is a great alternative.
Tomatoes may be cultivated year-round and in almost every season, but farmers will receive the best results if they plant them in the winter or spring when temperatures are more relaxed. When the wet season begins in June and July, it is preferable to grow crops.
The summer months of January and February are ideal for growing tomatoes, which are sown in October and November. Commercial tomato production requires between 110 and 140 days of growing time.
Yields often begin appearing about 50-60 days after planting. Picking may occur every 10 to 15 days during the first 10 to 15 days. Until the conclusion of harvest, a farmer may pick roughly five times. The farmer may produce 8 to 12 tonnes of grain per acre.
Traditional types need 200 gms of tomato seeds per acre, whilst hybrid varieties require 60 to 80 gms of seeds per acre. For a planting area of one acre, high-quality tomato seeds cost around Rs 300.
Thiram (3g/kg seed) or Metalaxyl (3g/kg seed) are used to manage soil and seed-borne diseases, while Imidacloprid (5g/kg seed) is used to control pests in tomato seeds. Additionally, growers might use Trichoderma to cure their seeds (4 grams per kilogram of seed). An acre’s worth of seed treatments would run you roughly Rs 250.
- It costs roughly Rs 1000 to plough one acre of Tomato fields, including a nursery seedbed.
- Transplantation cost per acre based on two workers: Rs 500 for one acre of transplanted tomato plants.
- Cost of labor per acre: 16 workers are required in the field every 15 days to carry out different duties. Consequently, the total labor costs are Rs 3600. (16 laborers).
- Equipment hire and irrigation fees are only two of the many costs associated with growing tomatoes on an acre. For 120 days of tomato cultivation on a 1-acre plot, these expenditures amount to Rs 4000.
- The cost of renting an acre of land: For a tomato field, it typically costs Rs 6000.
- Pesticides are any chemical or substance that kills insects, fungus, plants, or animals, and their costs are expressed as a cost per acre. Various phases of tomato growing need the use of these. As a consequence, a single acre of tomato growing costs 3500 rupees in pesticide expenditures.
- Harvesting expenses are Rs 500 per acre, divided equally between labor and equipment.