Permaculture versus Agriculture

Permaculture versus agriculture

The use of phytosanitary products is a danger to the environment. These petrochemical products degrade the soil, pollute the air and water. At a time of climate change where the issue of environmental protection for sustainable development is put forward, Permaculture appears as a solution for ecological and sustainable agriculture.

Permaculture is agriculture that respects sustainable development standards. Indeed, let’s look in detail at what Permaculture is and how it is different from agriculture.


Permaculture is a form of agriculture using many species of complementary plants and with the help of wild animals to constitute a generic ecosystem on a human scale without resorting to phytosanitary products.

Permaculture has a larger object. It seeks to integrate good organic farming practices and other bioecological concepts such as renewable energies, eco-construction, agrobiology.

In terms of functioning, Permaculture seeks to raise the diversity and natural independence existing in natural ecosystems. This ensures the health, efficiency, and resilience of all components and the overall system.

As an agricultural practice, Permaculture draws from forests and unworked soil. Permaculture promotes harmony between people, animals, microorganisms, plants, and insects in a healthy environment.

In this case, it presents itself as a philosophy, ethics more than an agricultural model. Permaculture is, therefore, a set of cultivation methods without chemical fertilizers, the aim of which is to maintain the natural fertility of the soil.

The fields of application of Permaculture are countryside and cities, companies, energy, economy…

We note that the concept of Permaculture has broadened today. It is a system inspired by nature’s functioning to regenerate productive agroecosystems for the soil (agroforestry and integrated agriculture). Permaculture appears like an organic and sustainable agricultural practice technique in small spaces.

Produce By Imitating Nature

Agricultural Permaculture is based on a concept of imitation of nature, mimicry. Man recreates an ecosystem as balanced and autonomous as possible on small surfaces, drawing inspiration from what we observe in the wild, particularly from “design,” the spatial arrangement of plants. Animals can also have a significant role to play, whether they are mammals or soil microorganisms, in regulating pest populations in particular. If mimicry is applied correctly, the system should produce fruits, vegetables, or grains sustainably and autonomously, that is to say, with the least possible anthropological intervention.

A Philosophy of Production and Life

Since its inception, Permaculture has broadened its field. It is no longer just agriculture, but energy production, water management … a more general way of life. Its philosophical scope is a harmonization of a man with nature and the return to needs that it can fully satisfy sustainably. Permaculturists speak of a “fair compromise.” The ethic of Permaculture is twofold: to protect the environment, natural environments and to protect mankind, future generations.

Permaculture And Agriculture: What’s The Difference?

Agriculture is defined as improving practices with a dual objective, profitability, and sustainability. Permaculture is instead an adjustment of human needs to what nature can offer him, restoring a certain balance. Although the two trends aim to improve practices and are sometimes quite similar, they are fundamentally different in their intellectual relationship to nature.

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