Commercial mushroom farming isn’t the same as beginning a farm for other crops. Mushrooms aren’t technically plants because of the way they develop.
That’s why we suggest getting some hands-on experience before setting up shop. In this article, we’ll go over additional specifics on how to go about creating and running a profitable mushroom farm.
Mushrooms Come in Many Forms.
Three varieties of mushrooms exist. They’re button, oyster, and paddy straw mushrooms, respectively. The button mushroom is the most popular of all of these varieties.
Seasonal mushroom farmers and year-round mushroom growers are India’s two primary categories of mushroom growers. As well as for the home market, they both produce white button mushrooms that are exported throughout the world.
Process of Making
Mushroom production is the subject of this section, and we want to shed light on it.
Setting up Spawn:
The market is flooded with spawns. The market contains everything you need.
Making a Biodegradable Compost:
You may pick from a variety of compost combinations. Wheat or paddy straw is used to make it, then supplemented with other nutrients.
Wheat straw is given nitrogen fertilizers as part of the synthetic composting process (organic and inorganic). Horse feces are mixed into the inorganic compost.
Long or short composting methods may be used to create the compost. A shortcut procedure can only be used by individuals who have access to a pasteurizing facility.
On the other hand, the lengthy approach takes 28 days to complete 7-8 rotations. Compost that meets these criteria is often dark brown, devoid of ammonia, with just a little oiliness, and containing 65-70 percent moisture.
Mixing compost with spawn may be done in any of the following ways.
Each layer of compost is separated into equal sections, and spawns are distributed across each section. Different layers are sprouting as a consequence.
About 3 to 5 centimeters of compost is mixed with the spawns and then applied to the area.
Spawns are incorporated into a compost mixture and molded into shape. For a 0.75 square meter compost area, a bottle of spawns will do the trick. 35 kilograms of compost. The spawn-to-compost ratio is thus set at 0.5 percent.
They are stacked on top of each other in the cropping room and covered with newspapers. They are coated with 2% formalin. With 95 percent humidity, the ideal temperature for optimum development is 18°C.
Sterilized hay, chalk powder, and other materials cover newly spawned compost. A well-ventilated environment is also essential.
Diseases and pests:
Parasitic insects, bacteria, and various fungi may all harm indoor crops. Maggots may damage all phases of mushroom development from the sciarid fly or phorid fly that lays eggs in the growing media.
Trichoderma green mold spots and the Pseudomonas bacterium blotch are also a concern during fruiting. To combat these infestations, pesticides and cleaning treatments might be used. Insect sciarid and phorid fly biological controls have also been suggested.
“Crop losses in Pennsylvania ranged from 30 to 100 percent” between 1994 and 1996 due to an infestation of Trichoderma green mold.
In 30 to 35 days, mushrooms will begin to grow. They come in flushes and are collected after the buttons have been closed securely.
On the other hand, a yield of 10 kg mushrooms per square meter is doable in an 8-10 week crop cycle.
There are certain regions of the nation where mushrooms are not prevalent or popular. So, before launching a commercial mushroom growing company, you must first identify your marketing methods.
A successful mushroom growing company may be started by following these typical procedures and techniques. Thank you for reading this tutorial! Best of luck, and peace be with you!